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What should I do if I have a mountain sickness?
– Guide to the special oxygen supply system for trains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Most travelers first arrive at the plateau and may have mild or heavy altitude sickness. But there is no need to worry too much. The train entering Tibet is one of the best ways to prevent mountain sickness. In addition, the high-altitude oxygen supply system of the Tibet train, so you don't have to worry about the mountain sickness when the train enters Tibet. Below, we will take you to understand the oxygen supply system on the train and teach you how to prevent mountain sickness.
Tibet train has a specially-made compartment, there are two ways of oxygen supply:
√ Mass oxygen supply: The train supplies oxygen to the whole car after passing the Golmud Station, which improves the oxygen content in the car and greatly reduces the incidence of mountain sickness.
√ Oxygen absorption hole: Besides the mass oxygen supply, there is an oxygen absorption port on the wall of the carriage, under the seat of the hard seat, and at the position of the soft bed. If you feel unwell on the train, you can ask the trainman to take the oxygen pipe and insert the oxygen hole to absorb oxygen.
The change of altitude along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway
The symptom of mountain sickness
Mountain sickness is a kind of pathological reaction that occurs when the human body is rapidly exposed to low-pressure and low-oxygen environment. It is a common disease unique to the plateau. Common symptoms are headache, insomnia, loss of appetite, fatigue, difficulty breathing, etc. Headache is the most common symptom, often forehead and double ankle pain, and the pain is aggravated at night or in the morning. Increased lung ventilation such as mouth breathing, mild activity, etc. can reduce headache.
In addition, the following points may also be manifestations of mountain sickness
√ Dizziness, nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, chest tightness, chest pain, lethargy, loss of appetite, abdominal distension, numbness of hands and feet.
√ Only mild symptoms such as palpitation, shortness of breath, chest tightness, chest pain, etc., are observed at rest, but the symptoms are particularly significant after the activity.
√ Those with the following signs, such as significantly increased pulse, mild or moderately elevated blood pressure (also low), lips and/or finger cyanosis, eyelids or facial edema.
More ways to prevent or alleviate mountain sickness
√ Most people first go to the plateau and have a light or heavy reaction. Generally, people who have high mountain disease have no rules to follow. The best way to avoid or reduce mountain sickness is to maintain a good mentality. Many of the symptoms of the reaction are caused by psychological effects or by psychological effects.
√ On the train, you can't walk fast, you can't run, you can't do physical labor, you can't overeating, so as not to increase the burden of digestive organs. Do not drink or smoke, eat more vitamin-rich foods such as vegetables and fruits, drink plenty of water, keep warm, cover quilts at night to avoid catching colds.
√ You can take some medicines to prevent and alleviate altitude sickness:
high altitude (at least 1-2 days in advance, continue to take 3-5 days after reaching the plateau), American ginseng lozenges, Nuodikang capsules (very relieved of extreme fatigue) Useful),
Bai Yunning (control headache caused by altitude sickness),
American ginseng (useful for relieving extreme fatigue),
quick-acting rescue pills (not to be served),
Danshen pills (for cardiovascular treatment), glucose solution, etc.
√ Some vitamin C could be taken.